A brief history about mosaics

Wednesday, October 24, 2012
A brief history about mosaics

Every couple of years, an ancient mosaic is discovered that dates back to the roman empire of even further back. Evidence going as far as 4000 years proves the existence of the mosaic art, even if it might have started with different kinds of materials and then developed.

As a start, the art of creating mosaic began as an assemblage of small pieces of different colors to create decorative patterns. Then came the Greeks, one of the first people to use mosaics, and developed it to an art of geometric patterns, portraits, scenes and mainly portraits of their gods. The Romans and Greeks reached a very advanced level in the art of mosaic making giving us what we know today. They perfected the technique and developed it to be used by many societies and cultures.

Later, the Christians started developing mosaics with the rise of the Byzantine Empire in the 5th century. Some new characteristics appeared, as with the choice of materials they introduced glass mosaics on their churches’ windows. The Byzantines also changed the application of the mosaics and went on installing the mosaics on walls as well as floors.

Christians and Jews developed this art and brought to the Middle East where it was time for the Islamic Art to take its part. While Byzantine art focused primarily on figurative representations, Islamic mosaic patterns were mainly geometric and mathematical. Today you can find many mosaics in Islamic mosques.

All these generation of perfecting and developing the mosaic art led to the techniques we use today to make these great artworks that are still highly valued for many reasons. Some of those reasons is the many benefits that mosaics have; by combining art and purpose they are used as durable floor tiling art decorative, as long-lasting kitchen backsplashes and as decorative tiles in pools.

Some of the world’s greatest mosaics can be found at the Alhambra Palace in Spain, in the Great Mosque at Cordoba, the Basilica of San Vitale which is located in Ravenna, Italy which was the capital of Byzantine during the Roman Empire and in The J�meh Mosque of Yazd in Iran which was originally constructed in the 12th century and was largely rebuilt in the 1300s.

Many other great mosaics can be found around historical places around the world as this art will continue to develop while combining art with purposes.
 
Read more about the most recent enormous roman mosaic found under farmer’s field here.